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SPECIAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-37

2020 POGS report on obstetrical and gynecological indicators of health care


1 Chair, POGS Committee on Nationwide Statistics, Manila, Philippines
2 Philippine General Hospital, University of the Philippines, Manila, Philippines
3 Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center, Cebu, Philippines
4 Our Lady of the Pillar Medical Center, Imus, Philippines
5 Emilio Aguinaldo College Medical Center, Cavite, Philippines
6 University of Perpetual Help Dalta Medical Center, Las Piñas, Philippines
7 De La Salle Medical and Health Sciences Institute, Dasmariñas, Philippines
8 Manila Medical Center, Manila, Philippines

Correspondence Address:
Maria Antonia E. Habana
Philippine General Hospital, University of the Philippines, Taft Avenue, Ermita, Manila
Philippines
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/pjog.pjog_10_22

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BACKGROUND: The POGS committee on nationwide statistics uses an electronic census platform called the POGS nationwide statistics system (PNSS) to collect the statistical data on obstetric and gynecologic health indicators. OBJECTIVES: The article aims to present 2020 data gathered and compare these with the 2019 census. Obstetrical and gynecological indicators of health care and preliminary data on COVID-19 cases are reported. METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study reports the data generated from the submissions of POGS-accredited hospitals from January to December 2020, through the PNSS. RESULTS: The number of accredited hospitals that submitted their census with 100% compliance is 94%. There was a total of 329,972 number of cases reported, 92% were obstetric cases. Live birth rate was the highest in the National Capital Region at 33.5%, with the highest age-specific birth rate in the 25–29 age group. Most live births were term pregnancies. Adolescent birth rate was 6.45 per 1000 women. Cesarean section rate, stillbirth rate, neonatal mortality rate, and perinatal mortality rate were higher than 2019. The maternal mortality ratio was 121.6 per 100,000 live births. There were 2,858 cases of confirmed COVID-19 infection. There were 26,164 gynecologic admissions, with the most common diagnosis being abnormal uterine bleeding. The most common gynecologic procedures performed were hysterectomy, salpingo-oophorectomy, medical management, and blood transfusion. Majority of the deaths from gynecologic cases had gynecologic malignancies and among these, cervical cancer (19%) had the greatest number of deaths. CONCLUSION: Obstetric and gynecologic admissions are lower compared to last year. A deterioration in obstetrical indications can be seen and explanations for this occurrence must be explored further. Preliminary data on COVID-19 cases was likewise presented. Timely and accurate statistics will help us define the areas we need to improve on, as well as the unmet needs of our patients.


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