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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 118-125

Profile of women admitted with a history of induced abortion at a tertiary government hospital from 2013 to 2017

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center, Cebu City, Cebu, Philippines

Correspondence Address:
Genevieve A Vista
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center, B. Rodriguez St, Cebu City, Cebu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/pjog.pjog_25_22

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INTRODUCTION: Unsafe abortion is one of the major medical and public health problems in developing countries. However, there is a lack of up-to-date and reliable information on induced abortion distribution and its determinant factors in the country. OBJECTIVES: This study determined the sociodemographic and clinical profile of women admitted for abortion at a tertiary government hospital in Cebu city from 2013-2017. METHODS: This study reviewed the charts in medical records of women diagnosed with abortion admitted at a government tertiary hospital from January 2013 to December 2017 with key words “abortion” in the final diagnosis. RESULTS: The results of this study showed that 86% of patients who had induced abortion discharged improved from this institution, 2 patients died due to medical complications and 12% were discharged against medical advice. Majority of abortions were within early ages of gestation. Primigravidas and primiparas had the highest incidence of induced abortion 20.44% and 27.73%respectively. Of the treatments employed, the major method of abortion employed was mechanical. Majority of induced abortions did not develop septic complications. CONCLUSION: The trend in admission of induced abortions from 2013 to 2017 showed a downward trend. This decrease in incidence may be attributed to improved access to family planning methods since the Reproductive Health Law was implemented in 2014 and the introduction of the Maternal Perinatal Statistics quarterly conferences headed by Department of Health (DOH) Region 7 and the different DOH-retained hospitals as well as BEMONC/SEMONC facilities in Cebu Province. 17. These statistical events focuses the spotlight on the importance of health education and further improvement in the provision of health care in the local setting. Moreover, further improvement in post abortive care and adequate coverage should be provided to patients with abortion to reduce the incidence of complications and potential mortality.

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